When a student changes schools often, it can impact education outcomes. Charter schools tend to have the highest transfer rates, and a school’s share of students from low-income families has a strong relationship to transfer rates.
Using recent, local data to improve on food access measures, we find that an estimated 200,000 Indianapolis residents have low food access and live in low income areas.
Indianapolis and Anderson were the region’s urban centers in 1970. Three-quarters of the population lived in those counties. Now, just over half the population live there, and Hamilton County is the second largest urban center.
In 1970, half of the region’s Black population lived in 12 square miles north of downtown Indianapolis. As Black residents moved into ’60s suburban communities, 120,000 White residents left the city’s core for newer suburbs.